(From my Gyrocopter Flight in October 2011)
Involvement with the Scottish clans was a case of treason in the eyes of the English, yet Richie Graham conspired with them before the rescue raid and even entered Carlisle castle to contest any defence from his own countrymen.
He had much to contest with the unruly surname of Graham. The leaders of the family, if apprehended, were summarily executed, the young and strong conscripted into the British army and sent to the cautionary towns of Holland where the Dutch were engaged in a war with Catholic Spain. The old and infirm and the very young were transported to the bogs of Roscommon in Ireland where they eked out a precarious living.
The 'cleansing' of the Grahams from the valleys of Esk, Line and Liddel is a shameful episode of British history that is still to be told.
Richie Graham of Brackenhill, we can assume, escaped the atrocities perpetrated in the name of James V1 and 1 as he pandered to the avarice of the English lords who 'inherited' the rich and fertile lands which had been the domain of the Grahams for a century and more.